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Building Codes

Residential Construction

2006 Residential Code of Ohio
2008 National Electrical Code

Commercial Construction

2012 Ohio Building Code
2012 Ohio Mechanical Code
2012 Ohio Plumbing Code
2012 National Electrical Code

Property Maintenance

2012 International Property Maintenance Code (Amended) 

Code Requirements

Listed below are code requirements for common home improvements. Please contact the Building Department for other code requirements. 

Requirements for Bathroom Remodeling 
  1. Before remodeling a bathroom, permits must first be obtained from the Building Department.
  2. Permits to be obtained are:
    1. Building – For carpentry, vanities, soffits, floor covering, removal or installation of windows.
    2. Electrical – For new receptacles, lighting fixtures and any electrical appliances.
    3. Plumbing – For any replacement of plumbing fixtures (tubs, lavs and toilets).
  3. When an existing bathroom is completely remodeled, the entire room is to be brought up to current code standards.
  4. Electrical:
    1. If the existing bathroom does not have an operable window for ventilation, an electrical, mechanical exhaust fan shall be installed and vented to outside air.
    2. At least one wall switch-controlled lighting outlet shall be installed in the bathroom.
    3. At least one wall receptacle shall be installed in the bathroom adjacent to the basin location.
    4. The above-mentioned receptacle shall have ground-fault circuit interrupter protection.
    5. Before concealing wiring, call the Building Department for an inspection.
  5. Plumbing:
    1. Plumbing material may consist of plastic (ABS or PVC Scheduled 40) or other approved materials for drain waste and vent piping.
    2. Correct waste sizes and vent sizes vary from job to job depending upon location of fixtures and location of bathroom in regard to what floor level the new plumbing is being installed.
    3. It is recommended that water supply lines to the toilet and lavatory be equipped with shut-off valves readily accessible.
    4. Before concealing plumbing, call the Building Department for an inspection.

Requirements for Fence Construction
  1. Residential Fences. Before any fence shall be erected a permit shall be secured from the Building Inspector. Application for such permit shall be made in writing and shall be accompanied by plans or drawings showing the actual shape and dimension of the lot on which the fence is to be constructed, the exact location, height, length, type of material and type of construction of such proposed fence and the location of all buildings on the lot.
  2. In the front yard of a lot, fences and walls shall be permitted parallel to the front building line, but not more than 8 (eight) feet from the front of the building, and to a maximum height of three (3) feet.
  3. In the side and rear yard of a corner lot, fences and walls shall be set back a minimum of two (2) feet from the public right-of-way, with approval of the Zoning Inspector, so as not to create a safety hazard.
  4. Fences constructed in the year yard adjacent to an interior lot line may be installed up to, but not on the lot line. Fences constructed in the side or rear adjacent to and parallel with another fence shall be installed with a minimum clearance between fences of eighteen (18") inches to allow for maintenance. The ground area between fences shall be covered weed block fabric, and a suitable inorganic ground cover material to prevent weed growth.
  5. A fence shall not be located in a side yard between the front and rear building line, unless:
    1. The driveway on the adjacent lot is located a minimum of two (2) feet from the side lot line, or
    2. The fence is erected not less than one (1) foot from the side lot line, if the driveway on the adjacent lot is located within two (2) feet from the adjacent side lot line.
  6. In the side and rear yards of any lot, the height of fences and walls shall not exceed six (6) feet, provided that the height of the fence shall not be greater than the distance to any residential structures when installed parallel to the residential structure. The height of fences and walls in a MF-PD District is regulated according to Section 1117.04(b).
  7. No fence in excess of 36 inches may be erected unless such fence is uniformly open to the extent of 10%; "Uniformly open" shall be construed to mean that the intervals between the solid material of the fence are evenly spaced per linear foot so as to make ventilation through the fence possible.
  8. Fences which enclose school grounds, public playgrounds, public swimming pools, tennis courts, or other public areas which are used for athletic purposes may be erected to a height in excess of six (6) feet with the approval of the Zoning Inspector.
  9. Fences shall be of uniform design, painted and otherwise well maintained. All fences shall display the finished side of fence to adjacent properties and view from public street. Fence posts shall not face to adjacent properties or public street. No new barbed wire fences are permitted in Residential Districts.
  10. Living fences shall be limited to a maximum of three feet (3') high in the side and front yard, and arranged so as not to obstruct vision from motor vehicles. Living fences shall be limited to a maximum of eight feet (8') high in the rear yard. All living fences shall be trimmed so as not to be a nuisance to abutting properties.
  11. No electrically charged fences shall be permitted in the City.
  12. Fences in commercial and Industrial Districts shall be installed and maintained in accordance with Section 1121.04(b), and 1125.04(e).

Requirements for Room Additions
  1. Before constructing a family room, kitchen addition, bedroom addition or any other addition, permits must first be obtained from the Building Department.
  2. The property owner should have a good perspective as to how large the addition will be, the method of construction and assembly, types of exterior finish and siding, types of windows and doors and general idea for location of closets and other interior partitions.
  3. At the time of applying for a permit, a Building Department Official will require four drawings which may be professionally drawn or drawn by the homeowner. The drawings aid the property owner during the different stages of construction and are also reviewed by the Building Department of code compliance and minimum safe construction methods. The types of drawings required are:
    1. Site plan or plot plan. The plot plan submitted for your home improvement project should show the following:
      1. Location and dimensions of the lot lines.
      2. Location and size of all existing and proposed structures including front, side, and rear setback dimensions, as well as structure dimensions.
      3. Location and dimensions of the driveway.
      4. The plot plan should be drawn to a scale and should show a north arrow. (1 inch = 20 feet).
      5. The street address and name should be clearly indicated.
      6. For additional information concerning the preparation of a plot plan or requirements, or the City Zoning Laws pertaining thereto, please contact the Building Department at 216.351.2133.
      7. This diagram will indicate the size of the existing lot, length and width and will specify the size of the existing house and the size of the proposed addition. Any other structures on the lot should also be indicated on the site plan.
    2. Elevations drawings
      1. Elevation drawings are illustrations of the rear and sides of the proposed room addition. They will indicate the sizes and location of windows and doors and specify the types of siding, whether aluminum or wood, roofing material, and any other special trim.
    3. Details
      1. Detailed drawings will show the exact method of construction. They will show depths of footers, size and types of foundations, size of floor and ceiling joists and their spacing, type of wall construction, pitch of roof and sizes of roof rafters. They will detail thickness of sub and finish floors, thickness of walls and ceilings and specify finished ceiling heights.
    4. Floor plans
      1. Floor plans will indicate interior arrangements of partitions and specify measurements from wall to wall. These plans will locate doors, cabinets, electrical outlets and switches, plumbing, and heating equipment. Floor plans also reveal any interior modifications on the existing portion of the house which may need altering to gain entrance into this proposed addition.
      2. All of the above drawings shall be drawn to scale. ¼ inch = 1 foot is suggested. Other information submitted with the drawings specifying special products and assemblies are called "specifications".
  4. Permits to be obtained:
    1. Building – Foundations, footings, rough shell, cabinets, soffits, exterior and interior finish.
    2. Electrical – For new receptacles, switches, and electrical appliances.
    3. Plumbing – For sinks, water closets, lavatories, tubs, showers, dishwashers, gas piping and sewers.
    4. Heating – For wall heaters or other heating equipment.
  5. Inspections:
    1. The person to whom a permit has been issued shall be responsible for requesting periodic inspections at each of the following stages of construction before covering or concealing work.
      1. Installation of footing drains, building drains and building sewers.
      2. Completion of foundation and waterproofing.
      3. During the framing of the superstructure.
      4. The completion of roughing in the plumbing, electrical wiring, gas piping, heating ducts or piping, or other similar service installations.
      5. Before closing in all structural elements.
      6. Upon the completion of the structure.
  6. Typical room addition foundations:
    1. Most room additions will be constructed over a crawl space rather than excavating a complete cellar or basement. Foundation walls shall be a minimum of 8-inch masonry units or 4-inch brick veneer with a 4-inch masonry "back up" block. Footers supporting these walls are dug 36 inches below grade. The width of these footings shall be 16 inches wide unless the foundation is trenched, in which case the width of the footing shall not be less than 12 inches wide. Crawl spaces are a minimum height of 18 inches and 30 inches when access for maintenance is required. All ground surfaces in the crawl space area shall be covered with plastic and at least two inches of concrete to serve as a vapor barrier and prevent dampness from rising.